Sanitation Project SOS Malta – SCESA – SHARE
Increased access not only to self-sustained water systems but also to sanitation systems. Communities need to be encouraged to be responsible for their own environment through sanitation after water.
Sanitation refers to the safe management of human excreta and includes both the hardware (latrines) and software (personal hygiene) to reduce fecal oral diseases.
Latrines provide the primary barrier against the spread of fecal matter, the source of most diarrhoeal pathogens, in the environment.
Total sanitation coverage in rural India is poor - at 14 % of households.
Marketing non-health benefits of sanitation, and providing culturally appropriate and low cost technology involving community involvement addresses 4 areas :
Health issues arising as a result of poor sanitation.
Gender impact of poor sanitation with women suffering from lack of privacy and also being burdened with additional tasks.
Lack of privacy during open defecation is a major problem for women who have to relieve themselves only at dawn or dusk, resulting in health implications too.
Safety encounters with snakes, scorpions, insects and vegetation need to be taken into consideration.
The economic costs imposed by poor sanitation in terms of increased disease (morbidity) and mortality.
Using a pit latrine and disposing of children’s feces in it, can reduce diarrhoea by 36 % or more.
The recurring costs to treat consistent poor health is a drain on household resources.
Household latrines are a symbol of progress and material wealth.
Dissemination of knowledge in this sector through educational sessions, exposure visits and sharing of documented innovative experiences, is a way of getting communities to invest in sanitation improvements.
All these issues are to be highlighted through :
Self –Help Groups
School Children, and
Other forms of mobilization at the local panchayat level.
This generates demand faster and provides greater latrine coverage in villages.
The impact of educational programs is not limited to the women and school children, but affects the wider community as well.
SCESA-SHARE- SOS MALTA has implemented this project in one village in Raigad District.
Budget per household, to construct a low cost two pit toilet
Size of toilet structure l 3.5 ft x b 3.5 ft x h 6 ft
Size of pit l 3 ft x b 3 ft x d 3.5 ft
|Line Item |
Amount ( in Indian Rupees)
Red bricks 1300 no.
Cement bags 4 no.
Sand .5 brass
Cement sheet for roofing
Kadappa stone for flooring
Window for ventilation
A contribution of Rs 2114.00 is expected towards each toilet block from the community.
A variation to individual toilet blocks will be made. Instead one joint block with 5 toilets will be made to avoid conflict.
The following villages are ready to contribute and have joint toilet blocks :
- Kasar Malai
- Khamgaon Sutarwadi
Therefore the budget will be as follows
10 villages x Rs 6114/cost per toilet x 5 toilets = Rs 305,700.00
10 villages x Rs 2114/contribution per toilet x 5 toilets = Rs 105,700.00
Donors contribution = Rs 200,000.00